The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recently announced its Top 10 most frequently cited safety violations for workplace safety with its top category including almost 7,000 violations.
Do you know how to avoid these common pitfalls when it comes to your employees’ health and safety? We share these 10 tips in order for truck fleets to avoid these violations.
- Fall Protection, 6,929 violations
Without surprise, fall protection tops OSHA’s list for a fifth year in a row. Providing appropriate fall protection gear, training, and then enforcement can mitigate this exposure. Simply providing the gear to the employees is not enough. You must actively enforce the use of the equipment at any time they are exposed to a fall hazard.
- Hazard Communication, 5,677 violations
This area resulted in more than $3 million in penalties. As you know, we are now in the full enforcement period of Globally Harmonized System — which is a hot button issue that is a never-ending battle. We must provide our employees with documented training on GHS, have an appropriate written program reflecting GHS, ensure all MSDS(s) have been replaced with SDS(s), and ensure that all secondary containers are in appropriate containers and labeled with an approve GHS label.
- Scaffolds, 3,906 violations
Scaffolding is comprised of many different pieces. That being said, there is a potential for many different issues to go askew. Scaffolding can be a great resource and some jobs would be impossible to complete without them. However, we need to ensure we are again safeguarding our employees but the appropriate use and maintenance of these platforms.
- Must be able to support four times the maximum intended load
- Must be secure prior to use
- Footing or anchorage must be on a solid foundation
- Must have proper guardrails installed
- The planking shall be overlapping or secured from movement, extending not less than six nor more than 12 inches over their end supports
- All uprights should be plumb
- Never climb the braces
- Respiratory Protection, 3,585 violations
Roughly five million workers in the United States use respirators to protect themselves from smoke, vapors, fume, and dust to avoid an array of illnesses. Complying with the OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard will ensure you do not face any future violations.
Respirator compliance 101:
- You must have a written respirator protection program
- Training must be completed and documented on respirator use
- Pulmonary functions tests must be performed prior to use
- Fit test should also be done prior to use to ensure a proper fit
- All employees must be clean-shaven with standard full face respirators.
- Lockout/Tagout, 3,414 violations
Lockout/Tagout protects workers from unexpected energization or startup of machinery and equipment, which accounts for almost 10 percent of serious accidents.
Make sure you document authorized and effected employee training to avoid these highly dangerous accidents and costly citations.
- Powered Industrial Trucks (PIT), 2,860 violations
Forklifts bring a slew of danger into your work environment. Training employees to properly use this equipment is essential to avoiding any accidents while on the job.
Training must consist of the following:
- Formal discussion on PIT topics, workplace related topics, attachment related topics, and other operating instructions provided in the operators manual
- Written examination on the formal discussion
- Road test to ensure competency
- Ladders, 2,639 violations
Again, training will be key in this area to avoid any unwanted accidents. Ladders are used frequently in the workplace to reach areas in a safe way. Ladders should be inspected prior to every use, the right ladder should be used for the job, and ever stand on the top step of a step ladder.
- Machine Guarding, 2,451 violations
Moving machinery might be part of your day-to-day operations, but it causes a significant threat to your workers in the form of amputations, burns or crushed body parts. Ensuring proper training for your employees on how to steer clear of these danger zones is crucial to their safety. If machine guarding must be removed, break out your lock out/tag out program.
- Electrical Wiring, 1,940 violations
Electricians and any other professionals that work directly with electrical components need to perform regular Job Hazard Analysis and training to give them the tools to detect any unsafe working environment.
- Electrical, General Requirements, 1,704 violations
Any employee exposed to electricity is at risk for electrocution, shock or fires. None of these are good things. Whenever possible, never work on live power. If you must, ensure that the proper training has been provided and the proper PPE is also in use.
About the Author: Kyle Meinert is a risk advisor at HNI, a non-traditional insurance and business advisory firm that specializes in the transportation industry. Read more of his posts on HNI’s blog at: hni.com/blog/oshas-top-10-violations-2016.